James Abram Garfield
NAME: James Abram Garfield
BORN: November 19, 1831
PARENTS: Abram Garfield and Eliza Ballou Garfield
born...Orange, Ohio (Cuyahoga County)
later moved to...Mentor, Ohio (Lake County)
graduated, Geauga Seminary (later called Hiram College)
graduated, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
--- helmsman on the Ohio Canal;
--- President of Western Reserve Eclectic Institute
(later Hiram College), 1857 - 1861;
--- Ohio state senator;
--- Civil War soldier; Lieutenant Colonel, 42nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, commissioned August 21, 1861;
--- U.S. House of Representatives, 1863 - 1880 (elected while serving in military)
President of the United States
March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881 (died in office)
(part of one term, Republican)
DIED: September 19, 1881 (died in office),Elberon, NJ
BURIED: Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
During the Civil War, Garfield attained the rank of Major General. He fought at Big Sandy and at Paintville. While campaigning for President in German communities, he was known to give speeches in German.
WHILE HE WAS PRESIDENT:
The American Red Cross was founded, May 21, 1881.
Garfield was the second President to be assasinated. He was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, July 2, 1881. His wounds overcame him on the September 19th.